By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary
This reissued version (originally released via McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas supplying a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three members' particular disciplines, but communicate to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory techniques and notion, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings stories psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.
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Finally, the actual and the logical connections between reasons and actions are not the same as those obtaining between causes and effects. The latter are governed by nothing less than logical entailment, since there can be no cause without an effect. But there are reasons for action which never lead to action and some that cannot. One may desire to live forever, a wish for which even jogging is not an apt behaviorial correlate. One may also hope that, if there is life on Mars, the laws on Mars be just.
Moreover, the counterclaim-that laypeopJe only think they have an explanation but are really deceiving themselves-can only be made by a discipline that has accepted the task of explaining the same phenomenon. In evading the very phenomena that so engage the attention of real people, modern psychology renders itself i rrelevant in the most damaging sense of the term and fails in the historic mission facing all serious scholarship-the correction of common errors and the elimination of common prejudice.
If psychol ogy is a science, then why have our posits in each of the foregoing categories been so multifarious on each day of that century? And what kind of "science" independent or otherwise-can we have achieved when it be considered that though our century-long cumulation of a vast technical literature may contain several thousand (perhaps million) law-like statements, not a single such statement can yet be counted a law, whether on criteria definitive of lawfulness in the natural sciences that we have been emulating or in the simple sense of commanding universal assent.