By Nancy R. Reagin
Nancy Reagin analyzes the rhetoric, ideas, and courses of greater than 80 bourgeois women's institutions in Hanover, a wide provincial capital, from the Imperial interval to the Nazi seizure of strength. She examines the social and demographic foundations of the Hanoverian women's move, interweaving neighborhood historical past with advancements at the nationwide point. utilizing the German event as a case examine, Reagin explores the hyperlinks among political conservatism and a feminist time table in accordance with a trust in innate gender differences.Reagin's research includes a wide array of women's organizations—feminist, nationalist, spiritual, philanthropic, political, undefined. It makes a speciality of the ways that bourgeois women's type historical past and political socialization, and their aid of the assumption of 'spiritual motherhood,' mixed inside of an antidemocratic weather to provide a conservative, maternalist method of women's concerns and different political issues. in accordance with Reagin, the truth that the women's circulation advanced during this manner is helping to give an explanation for why such a lot of middle-class ladies chanced on nationwide Socialism beautiful.
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Additional resources for A German women's movement: class and gender in Hanover, 1880-1933
The German mother leaves her children less to servants than the English mother does. . " 14 The German emphasis on the personal work, involvement, and responsibility of the housewife would be reflected in the movement later created by bourgeois women: it was a style of housewifery and child-rearing that bourgeois women believed could be adopted by every woman, regardless of income level. Bürgerliche women thus shared the values of the broader bourgeois public sphere, but they expressed these norms in their own way, within a domestic context.
These new right-wing women's groups were usually closely affiliated with masculine nationalist organizations, and rejected the Weimar "system" as a whole, especially the treaty of Versailles and the foreign policies developed by different Weimar administrations. The enormous growth of the Hanover Housewives' Association during this period is typical of this shift to the right. The Housewives' Association was led by an anti-Semitic woman who was active in the local Deutschnationale Volkspartei; she also articulated her organization's hostility toward women who worked outside of the home.
Guelph sympathizers were watched by local police, however, and were unable to wrest power from the National Liberals in local elections, although they did win some provincial level elections21 Political developments after 1890 undermined the National Liberals' position on both the provincial and national levels, but did not weaken their control over Hanover's municipal government. The most serious challenge to the National Liberals, and indeed to the entire local bourgeoisie, was the steady growth of the Hanoverian branch of the SPD.