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By Leslie A. Schuster

During this learn of the existence and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding staff within the 30 years earlier than global conflict I, Schuster indicates that the results of commercial construction for staff differed sharply in keeping with their assets and reports. She information the competing identities and divergent values maintained by means of shipbuilding staff, demonstrating that they have been fostered via the interplay among kingdom courses, business construction, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic monetary rules for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on kingdom officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric software of capitalist tools of creation intended a number of office reviews that extra undercut organization.

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Additional info for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910

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Fernand Gasnier, a conservative, four-term mayor, migrated to Saint-Nazaire to establish a business, most likely in the 1870s. He became a successful wood merchant, perhaps an importer, and in 1884, at the young age of thirty-one, began the first of sixteen years as mayor. Auguste Brichaux, mayor from 1909 to 1919, started as a merchant in his hometown of Decazeville. 101 Personal rivalries and antagonisms often divided city leaders, but they did work vigorously to promote Saint-Nazaire and to assure economic stability.

62 Penhouet emerged as France's largest shipbuilder and by 1905 ranked second in the production of machines and An Industry Builds a Town 21 engines. It ranked first and the Loire third in vessel and tonnage production for the French merchant marine from 1881 to 1903. Yet the installation of Penhouet and the Loire, a boon for Saint-Nazaire's economy and workers, meant trouble for the small shipyards at Mean, Rose, and Paimboeuf. 66 Although shipbuilding had undergone a transformation as a result of new funding avenues and modernized facilities, this rejuvenation did not guarantee economic success or stability for the industry or the individual yards.

In short, the shipbuilding industry was responsible for the city's transformation from a fishing village and regional port to a major industrial community, but the cost of Saint-Nazaire's development was high. Just as shipbuilding had created the city, attracted a large laboring population, and set the format of civic celebrations, the future of the city and its population rose and fell with this one industry. Saint-Nazaire had become a single-industry town where the financial well-being of its merchants and working class depended wholly on the success and stability of shipbuilding.

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