Download Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720. A by Christopher Baker PDF

By Christopher Baker

This book―the 6th quantity in The nice Cultural Eras of the Western World series―provides details on greater than four hundred people who created and performed a task within the era's highbrow and cultural job. The book's concentration is on cultural figures―those whose innovations and discoveries contributed to the medical revolution, these whose line of reasoning contributed to secularism, groundbreaking artists like Rembrandt, lesser identified painters, and members to artwork and music.

As the momentum of the Renaissance peaked in 1600, the Western international used to be poised to maneuver from the Early smooth to the trendy period. The Thirty Years warfare led to 1648 and faith used to be now not a reason for army clash. Europe grew extra secularized. geared up medical study resulted in groundbreaking discoveries, corresponding to the earth's magnetic box, Kepler's first legislation of movement, and the slide rule. within the arts, Baroque portray, tune, and literature advanced. a brand new Europe was once rising. This ebook is an invaluable simple reference for college students and laymen, with entries particularly designed for prepared reference.

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During a voyage under the command of Captain Robert Bylot, formerly a pilot under Hudson, Baffin examined Hudson Strait and passed into the Foxe Basin. Sighting a huge land mass to the north and east, Baffin erroneously believed that the bay was fully enclosed and that the passage did not lie in this direction. In 1821, James Parry, though more successful in finding a passage through Foxe Basin, confirmed Baffin's 1615 navigational observations and named Baffin Island in his honor. In 1616, Baffin examined Davis Strait, where he named various sounds and islands in honor of his English patrons.

Such a change, actually a return to the style advocated by some of Bacon's favorite classical writers, reflected the rising importance of scientists as writers and the growing literacy and wealth of the artisan class upon which scientists and governments would increasingly come to depend. Bibliography: R. Adolph, The Rise of Modern Prose Style, 1968; F. Anderson, Francis Bacon, His Career and his Thought, 1962; L. Jardine and A. Stewart, Hostage to Fortune: The Troubled Life of Francis Bacon, 1999; P.

Gregg, Queen Anne, 1984, rpt. 2001; G. , 1930-1934. Christopher Baker ARBUTHNOT, JOHN (1667-1735). John Arbuthnot was the son of a Scotch clergyman, but early demonstrated an abiding interest in science, mathematics, and medicine. He studied at Aberdeen and earned his doctor's degree at St. Andrews in 1696. He settled in London, where he gave lessons in mathematics, and in 1697 published an essay entitled "An Examination of Dr. Woodward's Account of the Deluge," revealing a keen sense of critical inquiry and initiating a lifelong pattern of distinguished publishing in the sciences and medicine.

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