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By Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific

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Additional info for Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific: Policies and Actions Within Health Systems and Beyond (Asia-Pacific MDG Study Series)

Example text

Health services in some low-income countries may be financed by external assistance through either budgetary support or the funding of specific vertical projects on health. 7. Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health versus out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of total expenditure on health Out-of-pocket expenditure as percentage of total expenditure on health 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Government expenditure on health as percentage of total expenditure on health Source: WHO, “Achieving universal health coverage.

Empirical evidence that controls for other variables also indicates that the efficiency of health systems increases sharply when health expenditures exceed $80 per capita purchasing power parity (PPP) values (Evans and others, 2001). Asia and the Pacific has the world’s lowest level of government expenditure on health with the highest contribution of out-of-pocket expenditures When compared with other regions of the world, the Asian and Pacific region has the world’s lowest level of government expenditure, on health and the highest contribution of private out-of-pocket expenditures.

25 Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific Policies and Actions within Health Systems and Beyond indicators such as the infant mortality rates, the prevalence of underweight among children under five years of age or tuberculosis mortality (PHM-Medact-GEGA, 2005). While it is difficult to establish national spending benchmarks to achieve the health-related MDGs, the WHO Commission on Macroeconomics and Health calculated that the essential set of health interventions needed in low-income countries just to reduce avoidable deaths would cost about $33-40 per person per year.

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