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By Kathrin Zickermann

In around the German Sea: Early smooth Scottish Connections with the broader Elbe-Weser zone Zickermann analyses the industrial, maritime and army family members among Scotland and the German towns (Hamburg, Bremen) and territories (Bremen and Verden, Holstein, Braunschweig-Lüneburg) situated along the reduce components of the rivers Elbe and Weser. in response to a wealth of British, German and Scandinavian archival fabric, the research demonstrates the significance of the quarter for Scottish commodity trade and community construction throughout political borders, when contributing considerably to our realizing of the formation of Scottish groups out of the country. It additionally indicates that Scottish advertisement, political, army and non secular actions in the area – which featured a Danish-Norwegian and Swedish measurement - have been intertwined and can't be studied in isolation.

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Extra resources for Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections with the Wider Elbe-Weser Region

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Thus for the years after 1659 we still rely on an older edition published by Botfield. B. D. D. 1699 (Aberdeen, 1859). 48 Peter Burschel who researched the role of mercenaries in Northwest Germany during the sixteenth and seventeenth century mentions Scots only in passing. Peter Burschel, Söldner im Nordwestdeutschland des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts (Göttingen, 1994), 153–154. 49 Fiedler, ‘Bremen und Verden’, 173–254; Beate-Christine Fiedler, Die Verwaltung der Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden in der Schwedenzeit 1652–1712: Organisation und Wesen der Verwaltung (Stade, 1987).

Baldwin, Thomas Baylie and Joseph Averie (Secretary) and the city, represented by three senators. A Latin and an English version of the contract are available in TNA, SP103/31, fol. 191–211, 212–215. ; Hitzigrath, Die Handelsbeziehungen, 20. 37 Furthermore, the company received a house, which was to be maintained at the cost of the city, where it could hold court and conduct business. The Adventurers were also permitted to hold private religious services in the building. Notably, the denomination of these services was not specified in the contract.

41 Furthermore, the company supplied Bremen traders with stone coals enabling them to engage in an entrepôt trade with this commodity to Flanders. In exchange, Bremen’s merchants supplied the Adventurers with Italian silk, Nuremberg goods 37 StAH, Senat, III-I CL. VI Nr. 2 Vol. 5 Fasc. 1 Inv. , Contract, Hamburg/Merchant Adventurers, 1618. However, in the case of an accusation of a citizen, inhabitant or foreigner by an English merchant the defendant was to be allowed to choose between the court of the Adventurers and the court of the city.

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