Download Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: by Fedor V. Fomin (auth.), Ruay-Shiung Chang, Lakhmi C. Jain, PDF

By Fedor V. Fomin (auth.), Ruay-Shiung Chang, Lakhmi C. Jain, Sheng-Lung Peng (eds.)

The box of clever structures and functions has multiplied greatly over the past twenty years. Theoretical and functional leads to this quarter are starting to be quickly because of many profitable purposes and new theories derived from many assorted difficulties. This booklet is devoted to the clever platforms and functions in lots of diverse features. particularly, this publication is to supply highlights of the present examine in clever platforms and purposes. It contains learn papers within the following particular topics:

l Graph conception and Algorithms

l Interconnection Networks and Combinatorial Algorithms

l man made Intelligence and Fuzzy Systems

l Database, facts Mining, and knowledge Retrieval

l details Literacy, e-Learning, and Social Media

l desktop Networks and internet Service/Technologies

l instant Sensor Networks

l instant community Protocols

l instant information Processing

This ebook presents a connection with theoretical difficulties in addition to functional options and purposes for the cutting-edge leads to clever platforms and functions at the aforementioned issues. specifically, either the educational group (graduate scholars, post-doctors and colleges) in electric Engineering, machine technology, and utilized arithmetic; and the economic neighborhood (engineers, engineering managers, programmers, examine lab staffs and bosses, protection managers) will locate this e-book interesting.

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Read Online or Download Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012 PDF

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Additional info for Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012

Example text

A cycle edge is an internal edge which belongs to some 4-cycle, while the bridge edges incident on two distinct 4-cycles. Since the colorings of two clusters on the same layer is independent to each other in χ, the bridge edges connecting any two clusters can be assigned an arbitrary color. Let Ck be a square cluster on layer k. Note that k is odd and C is of size Rainbow Connection Number in RTCC Pyramids 19 ( 01XXX ) ( 03XXX ) Fig. 3. Square clusters (01XXX) and (03XXX) in R5 2(k+1)/2 × 2(k+1)/2 .

Let G = (V, E) be a simple connected graph. A vertex u of G is said to cover itself, all edges incident to u, and all vertices adjacent to u. Similarly, an edge e of G covers itself, the two end vertices of e, and all edges adjacent to e. Denote by x ∼ y if x covers y, where x and y are two elements in V ∪ E. The mixed closed neighborhood of x is the set Nm [x] = {y ∈ V ∪ E|x ∼ y}. The mixed open neighborhood of x is the set Nm (x) = Nm [x] \ {x}. For a set S ⊆ V ∪ E, let Nm [S] = x∈S Nm [x] and Nm (S) = Nm [S] \ S.

In Section 3, the total covering numbers of paths, cycles, and cliques are introduced. In Section 4, we propose a linear time algorithm for solving the total covering problem on block-cactus graphs. Finally, concluding remarks are given in Section 5. 2 Preliminaries First we introduce some terms which will be used in the rest of this paper. Let G = (V, E) be a simple connected graph. A vertex u of G is said to cover itself, all edges incident to u, and all vertices adjacent to u. Similarly, an edge e of G covers itself, the two end vertices of e, and all edges adjacent to e.

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