By Francesca Locatelli, Paul Nugent
This e-book examines how the exceptional growth of African towns, that are the goods of particular histories, poses severe demanding situations to equitable provider provision and increases contentious claims to the possession and keep an eye on of city areas.
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Additional resources for African Cities (African-Europe Group for Interdisciplinary Studies)
The quest of the Congo state to maintain effective control over its vast territory is an ongoing challenge (Pourtier 1997). Communities living in peri-urban areas in central Africa are handicapped by the juxtaposition of two contradictory land tenure frameworks. According to the DRC government, land (literally le sol et le sous-sol) belongs to the state. As a response to conflict-ridden patrimonial colonial land tenure policies, the 1966 Bakajika law enabled the state to regain (in theory) full ownership of land, including the awarding of agricultural, forest and mining concessions.
African Urban Economies: Viability, vitality or vitiation? New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. Chambers, R. 1983. Rural development: Putting the last first. London: Longman. Ciparisse, G. ) 2003. Multilingual thesaurus on land tenure, FAO: Rome. Comhaire-Sylvain, S. 1968. Femmes de Kinshasa: Hier et aujourd’hui. Paris: Mouton. De Boeck, F. -F. Plissart 2005. Kinshasa: Tales of the Invisible City. Gent: Ludion. De Herdt, T. et S. Marysse 1996. Comment survivent les Kinois? Quand l’Etat dépérit. Antwerp: Centre for Development Studies.
These are the problem areas where ordinary people are taken hostage between the different manifestations of authority. Like Jeffery Herbst (2000), who theorised how states diffuse power over their territory and Bierschenk and Olivier de Sardan (1997b) who described why ‘the state stops twelve kilometres from Bangui’, our results confirm that the degree of political control in central Africa decreases in relation to the distance from the capital city. Land tenure practices around Kinshasa, Lubumbashi and Brazzaville clearly support this hypothesis because traditional authority is just as important to local populations as is modern law with respect to access, usufruct and ownership of land.