By United Nations
The African Governance file is the results of broad learn overlaying governance practices in 27 African international locations. The findings have been subjected to a rigorous strategy of experiences that concerned either nationwide and overseas specialists engaged on governance, political and monetary matters. The record is the 1st significant Africa-driven examine of its type, which aimed toward gauging extra empirically electorate’ perceptions of the country of governance of their international locations, whereas settling on significant capability deficits in governance practices and associations and recommending most sensible practices and options to handle them.
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Additional resources for African Governance Report 2005
The African Union’s Commission on Peace, Security and Stability may also promote peace essential to political and economic development in Africa. NEPAD are defining new parameters for governance and providing benchmarks for a new governance culture in Africa But despite these advances, challenges to political governance remain in many African countries. The democratic process is still fragile, tenuous and filled with trepidation. The emerging structures of governance—political parties, civil society organisations, elected institutions of the legislature and the executive—remain weak and barely institutionalised.
Some have created a basic foundation through the law, with institutions and processes on which further advancements can be made. Generally, the level of women’s involvement in politics, despite the countries considered “high flyers”, is still low in Africa. Most remarkable is that African countries are now setting minimum standards for themselves. The Southern African Development Community has set a target of 30% for women’s representation in parliament and other state organs in Southern African countries by the end of 2005.
These have four components: • Adherence to constitutionalism. • Evolution toward multiparty democracy. • Leadership systems: presidential, parliamentary or hybrid. • Governmental structures: federal, unitary or confederal. 1% Source: ECA governance survey of households Political governance 19 Adherence to constitutionalism A remarkable development in Africa is that most countries have embarked on constitutional reviews to promote a culture of adherence to rule of law, due process and political accountability.