By Bertrand Russell
In his debatable publication An define of Philosophy, first released in 1927, Bertrand Russell argues that humanity calls for attention completely because the device during which we collect wisdom of the universe. From our inner-world to the outer-world, from our actual global to the universe, his argument separates sleek clinical wisdom and our ‘seeming’ recognition. those cutting edge views on philosophy made an important contribution to the discourse at the that means, relevance and serve as of philosophy which maintains to this day.
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Take the concept of space and distance. ” The point is hammered home by describing a personal experience of “absolute proximity” in a prison camp where “my skin was the boundary of my living space. Day and night I felt the warmth of a shoulder or a thigh against my body. ” This is contrasted with his return home: “I had rejoined bourgeois society. ”54 This is all very well, except that anonymity and the prevalence of Sartre’s ideas—lived ideas—is a contradiction in terms. ” Thus “notoriety” and “scandal” are necessary concomitants of his all-embracing project towards being, and “anonymity” must remain at most some momentary longing for peace under the strain of scandal and notoriety.
Does not Sartre always insist, rightly, that “the work makes its author while he creates his work”? This dialectical interchange between work and experience could not find a clearer manifestation than in Sartre. We can sense it already in his first original piece of theoretical writing, a letter contributed to an enquiry among students published in Les Nouvelles littéraires at the beginning of 1929. There is only one earlier theoretical work by Sartre, an essay entitled “Theory of the state in modern French thought,”49 but that is a very different proposition.
And since Sartre wants to create roles of equal weight for his friends who are the principal actresses, he devises a situation in which they must remain together on the stage all the time. First he thinks of a bomb shelter, with its exit caved in, offering no escape. ” Thus the setting of a bomb shelter would, clearly, produce a failure. Such a situation would offer at least as much room for the display of human solidarity and “fusion” towards a shared end as for the intended manifestation of reciprocally paralyzing enmity.