Download Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the by Allen Blackman, Rebecca Epanchin-Niell, Juha Siikamäki, PDF

By Allen Blackman, Rebecca Epanchin-Niell, Juha Siikamäki, Daniel Velez-Lopez

Latin the USA and the Caribbean (LAC) region is quite biodiverse. It includes approximately 1/2 the world’s final tropical forests, approximately one-fifth of its coastal habitats, and a few of its most efficient agricultural and marine components. yet agriculture, fishing and different human actions associated with speedy inhabitants and monetary progress more and more threaten that biodiversity. in addition, poverty, vulnerable regulatory capability, and constrained political will bog down conservation. 

Given this issue, it's significantly vital to layout conservation concepts at the foundation of the easiest to be had information regarding either biodiversity and the tune documents of a number of the guidelines which were used to guard it. This conscientiously researched publication has 3 key goals. It describes the prestige of biodiversity in LAC, the most threats to this biodiversity, and the drivers of those threats. It identifies the most guidelines getting used to preserve biodiversity and assesses their effectiveness and power for extra implementation. 

It proposes 5 particular strains of sensible motion for retaining LAC biodiversity, according to: eco-friendly agriculture; strengthening terrestrial safe components and co-management; bettering environmental governance; strengthening coastal and marine source administration; and bettering biodiversity information and coverage evaluation.

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Additional info for Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Prioritizing Policies

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1-1). 1-1). PA coverage grew particularly rapidly between 1990 and 2010 in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru. 1-1). 1-2). 6 area consists of territorial waters (within 12 nautical miles of coast). Source: IUCN and UNEP-WCMC 2011. 1-2 Percentage of terrestrial protected areas, by type and region, 2000 Type LAC Africa Asia All Strict (I–IV) Multiuse (V–VI) Unknown Indigenous Other 26 33 8 31 1 37 6 53 0 4 54 22 23 0 1 31 29 15 23 2 Source: adapted from Nelson and Chomitz 2011. 5 Coverage by biome Despite relatively high levels of terrestrial PA coverage in LAC, certain biomes are underrepresented at both regional and national levels.

Water pollution has a number of drivers. First, runoff from fertilized agricultural fields contributes heavily to nutrient loading that spurs dead zones affecting fish and other aquatic species (Pereira et al. 2012). Since the 1990s, fertilizer use has doubled in LAC (ECLAC 2011). Second, the use of pesticides and other agrochemicals, which has also grown, contributes to water pollution (ECLAC 2011). Third, soil erosion, particularly from deforested areas on steep slopes, contributes to sedimentation and degradation of freshwater systems, in addition to soil loss.

2012). In general, biodiversity in the coastal and marine ecosystems is highly dependent on the integrity of the coastal and near-coastal ecosystems (Miloslavich et al. 2011). Both globally and within LAC, coastal ecosystems are among the most threatened and rapidly disappearing natural environments (Valiela et al. 2001). , FAO 2007; Spalding et al. 2010). Even the recent increase in coastal and marine protected areas has not stemmed the current tide of gradual degradation and disappearance of coastal ecosystems worldwide (Lotze et al.

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