By STEPHEN PHEASANT
This version has been revised to carry clean insights into the foundations and perform of anthropometrics, workspace layout, sitting and seating, palms and handles, ergonomics within the place of work, ergonomics in the house, and well-being and protection at paintings.
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Additional info for Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of the Work, Second Edition
The reader should note that all reach envelopes are highly specific to the situation in which they were measured. The data of Kennedy (1964) were measured in an aircraft seat with the subjects securely strapped in; had the seat or the restraints been otherwise, the results would have been numerically different. 3 Zones of convenient reach At this point it is appropriate to develop the concept of a zone or space in which an object may be reached conveniently, that is, without undue exertion.
Will a mismatch merely cause mild discomfort and inconvenience? Or might it compromise the overall working efficiency of the system? Are there implications for the health and safety of the user, in either the short or long term? A less than 5th %ile person sitting at a dining chair that is too high may be mildly uncomfortable over dinner; but if she has to work at a desk that is too high for seven hours a day, five days a week, the consequences may be very much more severe (see Chapters 7 and 8).
A 600×340 aperture excludes approximately 1 man in 100 —a 625×360 aperture excludes approximately 1 man in 1000 —a 640×370 aperture excludes approximately 1 man in 10000 —a 660×385 aperture excludes approximately 1 man in 100000 Note that these figures do not allow for clothing, personal equipment, etc. The numbers given for the percentage of men excluded may well be underestimates, since the distributions for the dimensions concerned are likely to be positively skewed. 3 Minimum dimensions for whole-body access (all dimensions in mm).