By Evan S. Lieberman
Why have governments answered to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such other ways? in the past region century, foreign enterprises and donors have disseminated significant assets and a collection of top perform options to policymakers worldwide. but the governments of constructing international locations in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin the US, and the Caribbean proceed to enforce largely various rules. barriers of Contagion is the 1st systematic, comparative research of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The publication explores the political demanding situations of responding to a stigmatized situation, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and casual associations that divide societies--as a significant impact on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways that threat and social festival get mapped onto well-institutionalized styles of ethnic politics. the place robust ethnic limitations fragment societies into teams, the politics of AIDS usually tend to contain blame and shame-avoidance strategies opposed to segments of the inhabitants. In flip, executive leaders of such nations reply some distance much less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case stories of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three constructing nations that face major AIDS epidemics--are complemented by way of statistical analyses of the coverage responses of Indian states and over seventy constructing international locations. The stories finish that diverse styles of ethnic festival form how governments reply to this devastating challenge. the writer considers the consequences for governments and donors, and the expanding tendency to spot social difficulties in ethnic phrases.
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Extra info for Boundaries of Contagion: How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS
A few quite powerful contributions, including Jared Diamond's magisterial book Guns, Germs, and Steel, Mark Harrison's Disease in the Modern World, William McNeil's Plagues and Peoples, Laurie Garrett's Betrayal of Trust, and other works written by journalists, historians, and public health experts2 demonstrate that disease and the threat of disease have been intimately connected with the rise of modern states and the interconnectedness of people through time. Nonetheless, as Ilona Kickbusch points out, although health has come to the fore of world politics, there has been little theoretical analysis relating health policy to global governance.
On this question scholars have reached conflicting conclusions. On the one hand, more fragmentation might increase the challenges of coordinating collective action; on the other, a multiplicity of groups might reduce the polarizing effects of differ- THEORY OF BOUNDARY POLITICS Differentiated: Higher: Less Aggressive: More likely to be in terms of ethnic groups. Blaming and shaming dynamic: "It's 'not our' problem" and/or "It's 'their' problem"; Proposed policies may be viewed as unnecessary and/or conspiratorial.
If this is true, in increasingly ethnically fragmented societies there will be greater efforts among a larger share of rhe population to practice endogamy, as a larger share of the population is from a minority group. Because my theory concerns the politics of policymaking, I address only normative preferences for endogamy and perceptions of the practice of endogamy, not the impact of endogamy per se. 54 Moreover, as levels of fragmentation increase, it becomes increasingly plausible for members of any single ethnic group to imagine the problem as belonging to some other group from which they are insulated.