Download Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950 by Judith Walzer Leavitt PDF

By Judith Walzer Leavitt

In accordance with own money owed by way of birthing ladies and their clinical attendants, Brought to Bed unearths how childbirth has replaced from colonial instances to the current. Judith Walzer Leavitt's research specializes in the normal woman-centered home-birthing practices, their alternative by means of male medical professionals, and the circulate from the house to the clinic. She explains that childbearing ladies and their physicians progressively replaced beginning locations simply because they believed the elevated medicalization could make giving start more secure and more well-off. sarcastically, due to an infection, baby and maternal mortality didn't instantly decline. She concludes that birthing ladies held huge energy in settling on hard work and supply occasions so long as childbirth remained in the house. The circulation to the health center within the 20th century gave the clinical occupation the higher hand. Leavitt additionally discusses contemporary occasions in American obstetrics that illustrate how girls have tried to retrieve the various conventional women--and family--centered points of childbirth.

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Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950

According to own bills by way of birthing girls and their scientific attendants, delivered to mattress unearths how childbirth has replaced from colonial occasions to the current. Judith Walzer Leavitt's examine makes a speciality of the conventional woman-centered home-birthing practices, their alternative through male medical professionals, and the stream from the house to the sanatorium.

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Extra resources for Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950

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23 These data are of limited value in determining the actual dangers women faced from childbirth-related causes before the middle of the twentieth century. The graph illustrates maternal death rates—that is, the number of maternal deaths per number of live births, which is calculated by dividing the number of deaths by the number of births. But the number of live births represents only part of the total pregnancy and delivery experiences. The figure omits from the denomina- 24 Brought to Bed Graph 2.

Source: W. Beach, Improved System of Midwifery (New York: Baker and Scribner, 1848). intervene and perhaps extricate a dead fetus. 2 When Mrs. Ebenezer Parkman was brought to bed in 1738, she called her midwife and six other women to help. Seventeen women attended Mrs. Samuel Sewall during her lying-in period. Midwife Martha Ballard attended hundreds of women in childbirth and recorded in her diary the presence of numerous other neighbor women. The common pattern of American childbirth was that women attended other women in their confinements.

I can never forget—or explain—that apocalyptic hugeness of the thing. . I have crossed the abyss now. . "54 Regardless of the particular fear that women carried along with their swelling uterus, the prospect of often repeated motherhood promised hardship and anxiety, even at the same time as it might have promised wonderment and hope. Hannah Whitall Smith understood this and wrote in her diary in 1852: I am very unhappy now. That trial of my womanhood which to me is so very bitter has come upon me again.

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