By Neil McKendrick, R. B. Outhwaite
This choice of unique essays is a tribute to Donald Coleman, Emeritus Professor of monetary background within the college of Cambridge, Fellow of Pembroke university, Cambridge, and previously Professor of monetary background on the London university of Economics. The essays are contributed by means of associates, former scholars and associates to honour him in his retirement. they vary, as does Donald Coleman's paintings itself, from the 16th to the 20th centuries, and replicate, in alternative routes, his distinctive skills and pursuits. specific issues are mirrored within the essays: the operations of businessmen and enterprise values in background, and the standards that formed and inspired executive rules.
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Extra info for Business Life and Public Policy: Essays in Honour of D. C. Coleman
There is a further competitive pressure to consider. It was Hollingsworth who first drew our attention to that rise in mortality and contraction of fertility in Restoration England which resulted in the English peerage failing to reproduce itself. It was Christopher Clay, however, who first 39 This has been noted by several authors: Habakkuk, 'Marriage Settlements', p. 23; Stone, Crisis, pp. 639, 647. Hollingsworth's data on the extent of marital social endogamy suggest that between the late sixteenth and the mid-eighteenth centuries the percentage of males marrying into aristocratic families fell more sharply than that of females ('Demography of the British Peerage', pp.
C. ), Population in History (London, 1 9 6 5 ) , p. 1 2 9 . 28 The latter clearly had their charms, which must include jointures and any other property they were lucky enough to possess. There prevailed then a demographic structure which generally produced a sex balance unfavourable to marriageable girls. Certain events in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries may have worked to make the situation even more unfavourable. Habakkuk thought that the increase in portions probably derived from ' a relative fall in the number of eligible husbands among the landowning families' and drew attention to the losses of landed sons in the Civil Wars and campaigns against Louis XIV.
Offered first of all in Crisis (1965) and, more recently, in The Family, Sex and Marriage in England 1500-1800 (London, 1977). Stone, Family, p. 43; Crisis, p. 646. Marriage as business 27 many of them presumably very elderly and not a few, one suspects, otherwise undesirable, the effect would principally be a once-and-for-all effect. 15 Another example can be found in his observation that' a change in the conventional estimate of life expectancy' may have had an effect in the latter half of the seventeenth century.