By Colleen A. Roach
By means of exploring the position of either tradition and the mass media, this quantity fills a niche within the literature on struggle and peace. notable students offer an summary of severe mass media study and open up totally new views at the ongoing debate over communications matters in struggle and peace. The contributions collect universal topics together with the military-industrial-communications advanced, cultural imperialism and transnational keep an eye on of communications. quite a few views are lined, akin to gender concerns, language examine and bureaucratization.
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Extra resources for Communication and Culture in War and Peace
28 Communication and Culture in War and Peace In 1980, an advisory committee from the Surgeon General's Office examined ten years of research and confirmed "the consensus among most of the research community . . that violence on television does lead to aggressive behavior by children and teenagers who watch the programs" (Gerbner, 1988, pp. 23-25). Of special relevance to issues of peace were several studies indicating that dramatic violence tended to cultivate "a sense of hierarchical values and forces," (Gerbner, 1988, p.
The first point of reference is what is commonly referred to as the military-industrial-communications complex. First mention of the military-industrial complex (without the communication component) was made by President Eisenhower (1982) in his farewell address in January 1961: In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-indus trial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist, (pp.
Culture (or civili zation) in Freud's mind, was society's way of instituting "high demands" on mankind to curb his aggressive instincts. Biological determinists reach a conclusion not unlike that of Freud by holding to the assumption that the roots of war and collective violence lie somewhere in the biological mechanisms that animals and man have in common (Eskola, 1987). Nonetheless, although Freudian adepts and biological determinists undoubtedly still populate many institutions of higher learning, there has also been a consistent challenging of the idea that our darker instincts propel us to war.