By Susanne Buckley-Zistel
Drawing at the proposal of hermeneutics the ebook argues that the successes and setbacks of clash transformation in Teso might be understood via examining the effect of reminiscence, identification, closure and tool on social swap and demands a entire attempt of facing the prior in war-torn societies.
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Additional resources for Conflict Transformation and Social Change in Uganda: Remembering after Violence
For the sake of illustration, in this chapter conflict settlement, conflict resolution and conflict transformation serve as examples for three different strategies for terminating violent conflict. 15 Conflict settlement and conflict resolution Conflict settlement refers to strategies that seek to terminate a violent conflict through creating a win–win situation. 16 The objective of conflict settlement is, therefore, to change a zero-sum game into a win–win situation. The main targets in conflict settlement efforts are political, military and religious leaders – with experts and academics playing the role of facilitators – who are assumed to be rational cost-benefit calculators who modify their behaviour once they realise it is to their advantage.
23 One particular approach to conflict resolution is based on the notion of ‘human needs’. 24 This derives from the view that in order to survive, humans need a number of essentials that go beyond food and water, including safety and security, love, self-esteem, recognition, personal fulfilment, identity, culture, freedom and distributive justice. 25 Importantly, needs are not subject to scarcity and can, in theory, be granted to all. 26 In conflict-resolution workshops based on human needs, the mediators first analyse the conflicting issues of the parties to the conflict to assess 18 Conflict Transformation and Social Change in Uganda the underlying needs violation.
By drawing on a particular interpretation of the past which narrates the Museveni government as perpetrator and the people of Teso as victims, future reconciliation seems far off. The hermeneutic process of retrieving the past in light of an anticipated future has led to a writing of local Teso history which remains uncontested. A sense of closure limits what is possible in the future. While the book is primarily concerned with the analysis of conflict transformation the final chapter opens up the scope through comparing different instruments of dealing with the past of a violent conflict in order to redress the antagonistic relationships between the parties to the conflict and to lead to a more sustainable peace.