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By F. Heidensohn

Crime in Europe seems on the styles of crime and policing within the new Europe of the Nineties. The participants take on quite a lot of concerns in an try and determine a really comparative and correct criminology for Europe.

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Extra resources for Crime in Europe

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These changes permitted the development of criminology in Poland and the USSR in the mid1950s and in the GDR in the early 1960s. In the present day, throughout much of eastern Europe, crime is understood to have multiple causes, including social, demographic, economic, psychological and biological factors. Individual authors, however, hold different opinions on specific criminological issues, but this is a phenomenon which is universal and certainly is not confined to eastern Europe countries. Indeed, it is now the case that in many socialist countries (particularly Poland and Hungary), crime problems are approached similarly to the way adopted by the capitalist countries.

But where there are such close links, change in the subject will be promoted not only within the discourse of academics, but also by the needs of policy. Change in schools of thought may become faster to accommodate the typically much shorter time-scales of administrators and politicians. TRADITIONS AND STRENGTHS These cultural traditions have shaped different strengths in different countries and fora. g. Joutsen 1987; Heine and Meinberg 1989). The Council of Europe is able to draw upon scholars from different countries and persuade governments to fill in questionnaires on the topics chosen for its conferences and its committees.

This phenomenon is not easily explained with certainty, but it has coincided with economic changes during the 1980s including inflation and may also be connected with changes in recording practice. In Poland between 1980 and 1986, the number of convictions for thefts was on average less than one-quarter of the number of thefts known to the police. If we speculate that a similar rate were also to apply to the GDR, thefts would amount to 41 per cent of all crimes known to the Republic’s police. 9 per cent of convictions being for thefts could be explained by the different rates of prosecution for different crimes by the police.

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