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By Immanuel Kant

Longtemps sous-évalué dans l. a. culture exégétique, l. a. Critique de los angeles faculté de juger (1790) réapparaît aujourd hui, au fil du libre discussion entretenu avec elle par une série de philosophes contemporains, pour ce qu elle est vraiment : le couronnement du criticisme en même temps que l un des plus profonds ouvrages auxquels los angeles réflexion philosophique a donné naissance. En organisant sa réflexion autour de trois axes (la finalité de l. a. nature, l expérience esthétique, les individualités biologiques), Kant affrontait le problème de l irrationnel qui, à travers le défi lancé aux Lumières par Jacobi, faisait vaciller l. a. toute-puissance de l. a. raison.
Cette traduction, qui invite à relire l. a. Critique de los angeles faculté de juger à partir de sa première creation, laissée inédite par Kant, montre que consolider l. a. rationalité, c était aussi sauver l unité de l. a. philosophie par l. a. mise en évidence de l articulation entre raison théorique et raison pratique. Véritable lieu de l. a. politique kantienne selon Hannah Arendt, émergence d une pensée de l. a. communique selon Jürgen Habermas ou Karl Otto Appel, los angeles dernière des trois reviews constituait ainsi, surtout, l. a. réponse los angeles plus subtile de los angeles modernité à l antirationalisme naissant.
Traduction, présentation, notes, chronologie, bibliographie et index par Alain Renaut

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Take the concept of space and distance. ” The point is hammered home by describing a personal experience of “absolute proximity” in a prison camp where “my skin was the boundary of my living space. Day and night I felt the warmth of a shoulder or a thigh against my body. ” This is contrasted with his return home: “I had rejoined bourgeois society. ”54 This is all very well, except that anonymity and the prevalence of Sartre’s ideas—lived ideas—is a contradiction in terms. ” Thus “notoriety” and “scandal” are necessary concomitants of his all-embracing project towards being, and “anonymity” must remain at most some momentary longing for peace under the strain of scandal and notoriety.

Does not Sartre always insist, rightly, that “the work makes its author while he creates his work”? This dialectical interchange between work and experience could not find a clearer manifestation than in Sartre. We can sense it already in his first original piece of theoretical writing, a letter contributed to an enquiry among students published in Les Nouvelles littéraires at the beginning of 1929. There is only one earlier theoretical work by Sartre, an essay entitled “Theory of the state in modern French thought,”49 but that is a very different proposition.

And since Sartre wants to create roles of equal weight for his friends who are the principal actresses, he devises a situation in which they must remain together on the stage all the time. First he thinks of a bomb shelter, with its exit caved in, offering no escape. ” Thus the setting of a bomb shelter would, clearly, produce a failure. Such a situation would offer at least as much room for the display of human solidarity and “fusion” towards a shared end as for the intended manifestation of reciprocally paralyzing enmity.

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