By Richard Barltrop
The Darfur clash has offered the overseas neighborhood with a couple of demanding situations. How can the combating be stopped in Darfur? What may be performed to avoid wasting lives and support the 2 million humans displaced via the clash? and the way to assist lead to peace, whereas making sure that the peace contract for the second one Sudanese Civil battle (1983 - 2005) is applied? Drawing on unique study, and tracing the historical past of overseas responses to the conflicts in Sudan, Richard Barltrop investigates what has decided the results of foreign mediation and reduction in Sudan. within the strategy, he indicates that Darfur has to be noticeable in the wider context of clash in Sudan, and that classes can be drawn either for Sudan and for the potent perform of clash solution.
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Additional info for Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of Conflict Resolution in Sudan (Library of International Relations)
In basic respects the conflict in Darfur was separate from the conflict between the government and the SPLM/A, in that there was no official alliance or relationship between the SPLM/A and the main Darfur rebel groups, JEM and the SLM/A. But there were connections that made it wrong to dissociate the conflict in Darfur from the wider civil war, and the conflict was neither entirely new nor unforeseeable. Besides the SPLM/A attempt to open a front in Darfur in 1991, the region had also seen an escalation in conflict in 1998–9 between government forces and allied militias, and people from the Masalit, Fur and other tribes in Darfur.
In the first two years of the war, neither the government nor the SPLM/A showed any interest in negotiating an end to the war. Nimeiri believed that the SPLA could be defeated, and the SPLA appeared to believe that it could achieve a rapid victory. Little changed under the two governments that followed Nimeiri, both of which aimed for military victory and showed little commitment to making peace. The head of the TMC, Sawar alDhahab (who had been Nimeiri’s defence minister until 1985), sought and obtained military assistance from Libya, and this assistance continued under CONFLICT, WAR AND PEACE 23 Sadiq.
The division of the south also coincided with and was encouraged by Nimeiri’s reconciliation with northern opposition parties in 1977. After two attempted coups in 1975 and 1976 (the first led by Islamist army officers, the second by the Umma Party, backed by Libya), Nimeiri engineered a ‘national reconciliation’ with a front of northern-based parties, bringing their leaders into government. In return he hoped to secure an end to attempts to overthrow him by instead having the support of the front, which was a loose alliance of the DUP, the Umma Party and the Islamic Charter Front (ICF), the party of Sudan’s Muslim Brotherhood.